Are You Overlooking This Source of Sustainable Living Information? Cooperative Extension

It is often hard to find reliable information trying to live a greener or more sustainable life style. There is a lot of misinformation floating out there, whether it is marketing misrepresentation or notions based on unproven folklore.

Many questions arise when one is growing and preserving their own food. What grows well in my area? How do I safely preserve what I grow? Is there an organic control for what is eating my zucchini? Where can one go to for help?

My suggestion is to start with your local cooperative extension office.

Extension services are not just for big farmers anymore and dismiss those visions of TV’s Green Acres’ Hank Kimball.

The dedicated staff and volunteers of your extension office is ready to provide you with current, research-based information covering a broad range of fields.

Extension – high quality, in-depth knowledge

The charter of extension is to transfer knowledge gained through university research and development to the general public. Information is peer-reviewed and scientifically based. The benefit is you are getting information not biased by marketing hype or commercial interests.

Extension offices are local. Staff and volunteers are acquainted to issues which may be unique to your area. What grows well in Seattle is different from what grows in Phoenix. Safely canning green beans in Boulder is not the same as canning in Miami.

Local should not be considered limited. Your local office is part of a nationwide network of other offices and university institutions. If you have a question, there is an expert somewhere that has insight.

In addition to the traditional agricultural research and education, extension provides communities with information through diverse programs as:

  • Managing natural resources
  • Home gardening and horticulture
  • Family and consumer sciences
  • Nutrition and food safety
  • Community and economic development
  • 4-H Youth programs
  • Leadership and volunteer programs

Many county extension offices are closing or consolidating due to budget pressures. Ironically, the number and variety of programs are increasing. For example, Colorado just initiated the “Colorado Energy Master” program to train volunteers to provide citizens information about energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Extension History

Extension has evolved over the last century, adapting to the changing needs of U.S citizens in both rural and urban areas.

The Morrill Act of 1862 established land-grant universities; institutions of higher learning for agriculture, home economics, engineering, and other practical professions. In 1914, the Smith-Lever Act formally established Extension as a partnership between agricultural colleges and the U.S. Department of agriculture. The mandate of this cooperative agricultural extension work was to 1) develop practical applications from research and 2) spread the results of research, techniques and technology to the American farmers.

Extension services played a key role in helping farmers better feed the nation during both World Wars. During the Great Depression, the focus of state colleges and the USDA changed to reach individual farmers through local extension offices, typically at the county level. Extension agents helped farmers organize cooperatives and marketing in addition to agricultural techniques. In addition, extension home economists were teaching good nutrition, preserving food, home gardening, poultry production, sewing and other skills; skills essential for many families to sustain themselves through that difficult time.

Today’s urban homesteaders and home-owners are rediscovering these same skills. There is something appealing about the practical way our rural great-grandparents did things. Extension is a good source for learning which of the old ways worked and the modern alternatives to less effective techniques.

Accessing Extension resources

An impressive cooperative extension resource is the website This site is a collaborative effort of some 42 universities and their extensions. It is organized by Resource Areas maintained by “Communities of Practice” – contributing researchers and instructors in focused field. Resource Areas include gardening, organic agriculture, food safety, even personal finance and community planning.

There is also your local cooperative extension office. Local extension agents and volunteers have unique knowledge specific to your location. Contact information for your local office is typically listed under county government or search with key words “extension” and the name of your county.


Whether you are a master of sustainable living, budding urban homesteader, a homeowner with a plant problem, or just curious, cooperative extension services provide a lot of information and support for you and your community.

How Eyelash Extensions Work

The eye beauty means a lot to a modern woman. All eyes are beautiful, of course, but if slightly enhanced, they can look even more attractive. While there are many ways to augment eye appearance, eyelash extensions seem to work best. They involve the process of lengthening the normal eyelash rather than implanting a new eyelid through a surgical procedure.

Since the surgical therapy is very expensive, most ordinary women and even some celebrities are opting for extensions. Unlike surgery, fixing extended lashes is not painful at all. A woman should select a normal beautician who can do the job well. During the procedure, she will lie down peacefully while the specialist works on her eyelids. It involves use of tweezers and a bonding agent to fix the synthetic fiber to the natural eyelash.

If you do not like how your natural eyes’ look, you should trying lengthening the eyelashes to see what everyone else thinks of your new look. Long, thicker, darker lashes are the hottest trend now, in regard to the beauty of the eye. Some ladies love creating a totally different look once in a while. As far as eyes, a woman can experiment with many different things, including a change of the lashes.

Now these aids come in more than one color including green and red. These are even visible than different kind of lenses. Many ladies prefer the black styles because they look normal and beautiful. One reason why many women are trying these is that they are versatile. The wearer can wear them for at least one month without changing her normal activities. For instance a lady can still swim with her perfectly bonded eyelash extensions.

When she is applying her makeup, the lady does not have to worry that her extension would come off. However, by the third week, the eyelid might have some gaps and that is a beauty flaw. Though unnoticeable, a woman should get a refill or a touch up to maintain a high level of elegance and beauty. Since the extension addition occurs on the existing eyelash, when it falls off naturally, the fake one goes as well.

Initially when ladies seek this beauty therapy, the cost of fixing extensions will range between two hundred dollars to five hundred dollars. Compared to the permanent implants that cost around three thousand dollars per eye, extended ones are cheaper. However, implantation surgery occurs just once while the extended lash needs regular maintenance. Each maintenance session could cost between thirty dollars to seventy-five dollars.

If a woman were to wear these beauty aids for life, she would obviously spend more money than she would if she opts for a surgical procedure now. The problem with the permanent process is the hefty rate, which is not payable by installments. While wearing the extension, you can wear lenses and eyeglasses without experiencing any vision problems. The manmade eyelash extensions are very safe and they cannot cause any hypersensitive reaction to the skin. Washing of the eyes is not allowed within an entire day of the application. As well, avoid rubbing the eyes or applying any oil-based cosmetics.

Infusion Hair Extensions: The Future of Hair Extensions

As the beauty industry welcomed the introduction of hair extensions during the early 1980’s, Valentin decided to steer clear of the low quality early additions had, desiring to provide his customer’s with hair that was not only stunning, but also helped to look after their natural tresses.

Following the introduction of low quality hair additions, Valentin’s Fusion hair extensions were born. Expertly designed using his wealth of hair knowledge and desire to produce only the highest quality additions, Fusion hair extensions were handmade using thin strips of natural tresses that exuded a fluffiness when applied, to help create an even weight and form. However, although he was successful in creating extensions that were exceptional in quality and appearance, Valentin had not yet been able to find a chemical product which would not only offer a strong bond when attaching Fusion hair extensions, but one which would also not damage the natural hair in anyway.

As we approached the new millennium and new advances were made within the beauty industry, new products which were aimed towards protecting our hair were introduced. Using these new discoveries, Rodolfo Valentin was able to create a new version of the Fusion hair extensions which implemented a thinner base with roots inserted into the support. This new design created a completely flat result which when combined with a new, protein rich solution, allowed for the extensions to be bonded with the natural hair with far better results than the original Fusion hair extensions. Following this new discovery, Valentin renamed this technique Hair Infusion Extensions.

As a result of the success of Valentin’s Infusion additions, many other salons realized the benefits which stemmed from this new technique, opting to advertise themselves as a ‘Hair Infusion Extension Salon’. Hair Infusion Extensions and Fusion Hair Extensions are exclusive trademarks of Rodolfo Valentin and are only available at Rodolfo Valentin salons in New York City and Long Island, NY. Although some salons may opt to state that they provide Hair Infusions, the proof that they do not will be evident in the quality you are provided with. Recognized by the medical industry as the safest form of hair additions, Hair Infusion Extensions help to protect the natural locks by eliminating the need for severe, damaging methods of hair extension attachment. Attachment methods such as hot glue can, in time, cause the tresses to become weak, causing it to break and fall out over time which can cause induced hair loss in some wearers. Where Hair Infusion Extensions differ is that they do not require heat or any other damaging solution to be attached to natural mane. As the extensions are made with a flat, even surface, each extension can be attached in a way which eliminates the natural hair from being pulled. The protein rich solution used to attach Hair Infusion Extensions to the wearer’s natural hair means that the extensions are not only reusable, but as the solution is applied to the extensions before they are applied, the natural hair is able to grow with the extension, helping it remain strong and healthy. Due to this, Hair Infusion Extensions are not only perfect for adding length and volume to hair, but are also perfect for those suffering from thinning hair or hair loss.

Hair extensions are a great way in which to refresh our look and help ourselves to look different but unless we opt to use only the best possible extensions, this could come at a cost. Hair Infusion Extensions not only allow us to leave the salon with a brand new look, but also help our hair grow to be strong, healthy and glossy underneath our extensions. As new forms of hair extensions reach the market everyday, none will come close the quality and protection offered with Rodolfo Valentin’s hair extensions, helping him to cement Hair Infusion Extensions as the hair extensions to use today and for years to come.